Home / Views 3 + Apache Solr + Acquia Drupal = The Future of Search

Views 3 + Apache Solr + Acquia Drupal = The Future of Search

For the last six months, Scott Reynolds has been keeping a big juicy secret. As the maintainer of the Apache Solr Views module, he knows just how cool the future of Drupal Search is going to be. His module, based on an idea and code from Thomas Seidl, lets you make custom searches against the Solr index the same way you currently make views against the MySQL database. Want to build a search that just includes videos and MP3s, and renders the results as a playlist? Or how about a search that is limited to the current user's images, displayed in a slideshow? How about a block that shows the latest results that contain the phrase "badgers are the new pony"? Well, even if you didn't want a block like that, with Views 3 and Apache Solr Views, you can have it.

Thomas Siedl's brilliant idea was that Views should be able to build "queries" against any data source, not just databases. Earl Miles agreed, and inagurated the Views 3 branch by commiting the patch by Thomas (with great help from Jeff Miccolis and others). With Views 3 I predict you'll be able to build Views using data from Flickr, or from RDF databases using SPARQL, or from the local file system, or from any other data source that has an API.

To test it all out I used the Acquia Drupal Stack to create a new site (I just love the stack's multisite functionality!). I then signed up for a trial Acquia Network subscription because I wanted to get my hands on 30 days of free Acquia Search (it's easier than setting up Solr myself). I then downloaded Views 3 and Apache Solr (DRUPAL-6--2, just for fun. DRUPAL-6--1 works, too). I had to get the Apache Solr Views module from CVS (Scott, make a devel release!). I put these in sites/all/modules so that they'd override the versions in the Acquia Drupal Stack.

The CVS command for getting Apache Solr Views

$ cvs -d:pserver:anonymous:anonymous@cvs.drupal.org:/cvs/drupal-contrib \
co -d apachesolr_views contributions/modules/apachesolr_views

I installed Apache Solr manually which means I also needed to get the SolrPhpClient library. Since I have Drush, and since Apache Solr DRUPAL-6--2 has Drush integration, I did it like this:

$ drush solr phpclient


I then used FeedAPI to grab all sorts of content from Planet Drupal. I could have just as well used Drush and the Devel module to generate some content, but lorem ipsum gets mighty boring. Finally I used Drush to run cron and even did a search (from the command line!) to check that the content was in the index.

$ drush cron
$ # wait a few minutes for the search index to commit the changes...
$ drush solr search drupal
node/175 by admin (user/1)
title: Agile and Scrum Videos
 This is likely to become a pretty big collection of videos about Scrum and
other other Agile based managements processes. (Drupal 5, Drupal 6, Drupal 7,
Drupal Planet, Drupal Video) ...

node/1 by admin (user/1)
title: Welcome to your new Acquia Drupal website!
 If you are new to Drupal, follow these steps to set up your web site in
minutes: Step 1 ... , forums, polls, tags, comments, ratings, and more. Acquia
Drupal comes with many modules to power social publishing capabilities on your
site. Hundreds of additional Drupal 6.x compatible modules ...    

The good stuff

Now for the good stuff. When you make a new view in Views 3 you get asked what data source to use. Here you can see that I use the Apache Solr search index as a data source.

Views 3 asks for data source

Then I added some fields. These are not the same fields that are available to node based views. They are specific to the underlying data source.

Apache Solr fields in Views 3

I also added a sort so that the results would be displayed according to the search score (keyword relevance).

Adding a sort on score

In order to make this view seem like a "search" screen, it needs a search box, right? You get that by adding a search filter and exposing it. I could add more filters, too, like a filter to limit it to just one content type.

Exposing the search filter

This shouldn't just be a copy of the normal search screen. The results should look different. To that end I told Views to render the results in a table.

Tell views to theme the results as a table

Since we want this to be a page view it needs a path, and I went ahead and stuck it in the menu as well.

Finally, I want to be able to use Apache Solr's facet blocks along with the view. This is a three-step process.

  1. First I have to enable the facet filters (I enabled the block for Tags - a taxonomy vocabulary I have) at q=admin/settings/apachesolr/enabled-filters
  2. Then I have to actually place the blocks at q=admin/build/block
  3. Finall, and this is important, I have to pass in an argument to the view to filter by the same "things" that I'm filtering for with the facets. In my example I have the taxonomy facet block enabled, and therefore need to pass in an argument for taxonomy term.

Add an argument for every facet filter you use

How does it taste?

It tastes great! Feast your eyes on this marvelous search screen.

Search results with Views 3 and Apache Solr

The keyword search and the facet block interact seamlessly.

Search term modules and facet filter Drupal 6

An interesting point to note is that there are no database queries used in retrieving the data or displaying it. No complex views query with lots of joins, and no node_load() calls for displaying the results. This method of querying Solr is just as efficient as using the normal Apache Solr search module.

To my mind, Views 3 and Apache Solr Views are the future of Solr search for Drupal. Even though they are both in heavy development, you can try them out and enjoy the great control you have over your search experience. There are many more handlers that need writing, too, so jump into the Apache Solr Views issue queue and help out. Since it all works with Acquia Drupal and Acquia Search, you can easily get up and running using an Acquia subscription. Enjoy!

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Posted on by Fredric Mitchell.

From a developer standpoint, this is pretty orgasmic.

Fredric Mitchell
Bright Plum

Posted on by Jaza (not verified).

I'm using Solr for the first time on a new Drupal project at the moment. Solr is powering a lot of the "index listing" pages that would typically be handled by views; however, on this site, powerful faceted search needs to be built-in to the listing pages. So I'm setting default filters for node type, and a few other facets, per-listing, in order to achieve Views-like Solr search pages.

Rob, the solution that you describe here sounds like a very cool alternative to my primitive solution. Views and Solr working together would fill a gap that is sorely missing from the current Drupal toolbox. Rock on!

Posted on by Diricia (not verified).

Oh wow! We are currently developing a site for a classified ad paper using Apache Solr as the search engine. This is going to be so awesome. My head is going wild with ideas of what I can do with this *rubs hands with glee*

Posted on by wtrager (not verified).

This is looking really nice! We’ve been working on integrating Drupal with our new Integrated Library System (ILS) for the last few months. Our ILS uses Solr to index the 1.3 million items we have to manage and the Apache Solr module has made it pretty straight forward from a developer’s point of view. Now with the Views 3 and Solr, our Themers can create these search pages without having to understand all the nuances of Solr and Drupal. Very Cool!